There are three different kinds of Hepatitis B test procedures. One of these tests actually checks for the presence of the virus in the blood. The other kinds of tests actually check the body’s reaction to the presence of the virus. Your healthcare provider determines the kind of tests that you need to get. There are instances when all three tests are requested or recommended for you.
Antigen Test or the HBsAg
Sometimes, your physician will request for antigen test (HBsAg). If the results come out positive, this means that the patient is infected with the virus. He or she most likely can pass it on to somebody else. There are patients who eventually clear an infection. If the same patient does not become chronically infected, he or she can test again within four months after all the symptoms of infection clear up. His or her hepatitis B test will likely come out negative. Paul Enrich Institute
The anti-HBs test is the second type of procedure to determine HBV infection. If this test comes out positive, it means that your body is immune to the virus. This is the body’s reaction to the virus’ surface protein. This results if you were previously exposed to the virus and was cleared of it, or you have received vaccination. A positive test means that you are not infectious.
This is another test which determines your body’s reaction to the presence of the virus. This determines how your body reacts to the potential presence of the virus’ core protein. If the test comes out positive, this means that you are chronically infected with hepatitis B. You are also infectious and you will likely pass it on to the other people. What if your test also indicates a positive anti-HBs test? Then a positive anti-HBc test indicates a previous infection.
Your physician may order other procedures if you have hepatitis B test came back positive. This is especially true if the results indicate chronic infection. These different tests are recommended in order to help the physician monitor the progress of your disease. This will also help determine the right treatment procedure.