A variety of different problems often cause heart problems. These include congenital heart disease, rheumatic heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and coronary artery disease. However, you should be aware of more common heart problems and symptoms to look for. There are some common heart problems that you should discuss with your heart specialist in Dubai.
Congenital heart disease:
While most congenital heart problems can be detected during a pregnancy ultrasound scan, other conditions may not be recognized until a child is born or even adulthood. While each child has different symptoms, some of the most common include extreme tiredness, breathing problems, chest pain, and a blue tint to the skin.
Rheumatic heart disease:
People with rheumatic heart disease often have difficulty regulating blood flow through their hearts. This condition affects the valves in the heart that control blood flow. If these valves become damaged, blood may leak into the heart. Doctors can diagnose rheumatic heart disease by examining patients’ blood levels. They can also conduct an electrocardiogram and echocardiogram to examine the heart’s functioning. Doctors can also prescribe certain medications to reduce the risk of blood clots and stroke.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart muscle thickens and causes problems with blood flow. It is often diagnosed through an echocardiogram. This imaging helps physicians determine the severity of the condition and whether or not a patient can support a normal pregnancy. Other procedures to diagnose and treat this condition include cardiac catheterization and valve surgery. There is currently one drug approved for treating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. It is called Mavacamten, used to treat obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Coronary artery disease:
If you have symptoms of coronary artery disease, you should see a doctor as soon as possible. The main complication of coronary artery disease is a heart attack. During a heart attack, the heart muscle begins to die because it doesn’t have enough blood flow. Prompt medical attention can help restore blood flow and save your life. Your healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and various tests to determine the severity of your condition. The tests include electrocardiograms, which measure the electrical activity of your heart. During the test, you will have to wear electrodes on your chest, and the results will give the healthcare provider a picture of your heart.